The Niners won a close contest, 23-20, and will play the Carolina Panthers next week. The winner of that game will play either the Seattle Seahawks or the New Orlean Saints for the NFC championship, on January 19.
The winner of the NFC championship will play the AFC champion in the Super Bowl on February 2nd. The AFC champion will be one of the following: the Indianapolis Colts, the New England Patriots, the San Diego Chargers, or the Denver Broncos. See graph below for the playoff sequence.
As a Forty-Niner fan, I'd love to see the team get another crack at a Super Bowl championship; but they first have to beat the Panthers, who are a very good team. That game will take place one week from today, on January 12, 2014, and the Panthers have home field advantage.
I got myself properly confused earlier, so I made a graphic on the remaining games to make some sense of the playoff schedule. Here it is: